The world’s biggest movie stars are doing the best they can to stay relevant.
But how to navigate a world where the power to influence, inspire and ultimately dominate is largely held by men?
The answer is, they are not alone.
It’s a reality that the industry has tried to face and it’s a problem it has yet to fix.
But this is not just a Hollywood problem, or a problem that is unique to the industry.
Across the world, women are struggling to find their place in the public sphere and they are being denied the equal opportunities afforded to men.
And if the trend continues, it could leave a generation of young women facing discrimination at work, at home and at school.
A study by The Fawcett Society, a women’s rights group, found that women are still underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) fields in the UK.
More than half of female scientists, engineers and mathematicians were not in top positions in their fields, compared with just one in three male scientists and mathematicics.
“This is a systemic problem, not just for women, but also for men and their families,” said Sarah Allen, chair of the Fawcetts Research and Policy Unit, which is helping to run the study.
“The public perception of women as less than capable and incapable in STEM fields is still very much alive in the classroom.
The public view of men is still extremely negative.”
The Fawcets research, conducted with the UK’s Office for National Statistics, analysed data from the Department for Education, Science and Technology (EDISST) to assess the representation of women and men in various areas of education and employment.
The report found that, despite the increase in women in the workforce over the last 20 years, only 1 in 10 STEM fields (engineering, maths, physics, computer science and information technology) were held by women, while only 2.6% of engineers and 1.9% of physicists were women.
The Fawcs found that a key factor behind the gender imbalance in STEM is that men hold a disproportionate share of key STEM roles and have a disproportionate number of technical jobs.
“For example, in engineering, just over half of all engineering jobs are held by males, with the highest concentration of male engineering engineers being in the automotive industry,” the report said.
“But in other fields, like computing, computer programming, or statistics, the numbers are significantly higher.”
In the private sector, for example, women account for only 6.4% of finance managers and just under 2% of sales managers.
“The report said that the gender balance of the workforce is not static and that there is “a wide range of gender representation in the STEM workforce”.
It added: “Women hold a disproportionately higher share of technical roles in fields that include engineering, maths and science, and they also make up a higher share in science and engineering management roles.”
It’s not just about women and boys having equal access to these roles.
It is also about women making up a disproportionate amount of the technical workforce in certain areas, and this imbalance can create problems for women and girls in the future.”
The research found that in some STEM fields, including computing and science education, women make up less than 10% of senior leaders, and less than 3% of managers.
The Fawcs said that while the number of women in senior roles is growing, the gap between male and female technical managers is still significant.
“As technology becomes more pervasive and more sophisticated, it is expected that a higher proportion of the engineering workforce will be female, but this is still not reflected in the percentage of female engineers in senior leadership positions,” the Fawcs report said, adding that it is important to note that the research was done by the government-funded EDISST.”EDISst does not directly measure the gender of engineering staff, but we do see that the number in senior management roles has increased in recent years, with about one-quarter of the staff in those roles being women.”
However, it’s important to stress that the percentage women in engineering and technology jobs is still higher than the percentage who hold those jobs in the private and public sectors.
“The study also found that the proportion of female mathematicians in the population has fallen over the past 20 years and that this could be due to the gender equality agenda that was implemented in the 1980s.
The report also found an alarming level of gender inequality in the media.
Only 18% of journalists are women and the majority of women who report on the media are not in journalism.”
Women in the news media face a double disadvantage.
While they may report news and information in a professional and unbiased way, they also have a much lower access to information than their male colleagues,” the study said.”
Their coverage of social issues is less well-balanced and they often use images and stories from outside of their own professional sphere, such as their own family or friends